On 1/12/2010 10:12:08 PM UTC (about 17:22h local time) an earthquake of magnitude 7.2 occurred in the very highly populated region of Ouest in Haiti. The earthquake happened 17km from Port-au-Prince. The nearest populated places are: Bras Droit (10km), Au Silence (16km), Aboni (12km), Henry (3km), Bellevue (11km). The closest civilian airport is Jacmel (23km).
Potentially affected critical infrastructure:
Nuclear plants: [None] Hydrodams: Artibonite (71km) Airports: Cabo Rojo (105km), Jacmel (23km), Barahona Habanero (144km), Les Cayes (140km), Bowen (19km), Mais Gate (24km), Jeremie (180km), San Juan De La M. (137km), Constanza (191km), Dajabon (149km), Cap Haitien (146km), Port-de-paix (169km) Ports: Cabo Rojo (105km), Les Cayes (137km), Barahona (149km), Jacmel (26km), Aquin (99km), Puerto Viejo De Azua (173km), Petit Goave (42km), Puerto Viejo De Azua (188km), Miragoane (66km), Azua (184km), Port-au-prince (17km), Jeremie (174km), Fond Mombin (34km), Saint Marc (78km), Gonaives (114km), Fort Liberte (151km), Manzanillo (158km), Cayman Brac (148km), Cap Haitien (149km), Port De Paiz (170km)
Based on an automated impact model, this earthquake, which occurred in a region with medium vulnerability to natural disasters, has potentially a high humanitarian impact.
Whether international humanitarian aid is needed must be decided by an expert.
Event Date Univ. Time: Tue, 1/12/2010 22:12 UTC European Time of the event: Tue, 1/12/2010 23:12 CET (Brussels, Paris, Rome) East America Time of the event: Tue, 1/12/2010 17:12 EST (New York, Washington) West America Time of the event: Tue, 1/12/2010 14:12 PST (San Francisco, Los Angeles) East Asia Time of the event: Wed, 1/13/2010 07:12 JTI (Tokyo)
This email report was automatically created by a computer at: 1/12/2010 10:44:48 PM UTC (32 minutes after the event)
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Earthquake Event Characteristics Source: European-Mediterranean Seismological Centre (EMSC) M Magnitude: 7.2 M Depth: 33 km Location (Lat/Long): 18.45 | -72.47 Country: Haiti Province: Ouest Region: Haiti UTC/GMT (Greenwich time): 1/12/2010 10:12:08 PM Estimated local solar time: 1/12/2010 5:22:15 PM
Population Density near epicenter (people/km2). Image area: 6x4 decimal degrees (approx. 650x450km2).
Earthquake Impact Details Potentially affected People Population Data
The population in the area of this earthquake is 427 people/kmÂ².
The earthquake occurred at 17h local time. At this time a day, more people are at work and therefore more vulnerable to collapsing office buildings. During traffic hours, people can be affected by collapsing bridges and other road infrastructure.
Resilience and Vulnerability Resilience is the capacity of the population to cope with a hazard. Since much of investments in earthquake preparedness and available funds for quick response is related to household income, the GDP per capita can be used as a rough indicator of resilience.
Haiti has a GDP per capita of 370 PPP$ (Parity Purchasing Power Dollar, about 1 Euro) and is therefore part of the low level income countries. Therefore, the earthquake happened in an area of low resilience.
Based on the combination of 9 indicators, ECHO attributes Haiti a medium vulnerability.
ECHO Intervention Priority Ranking for Haiti
Overall situation Human Development Human Poverty
Exposure to Major Disasters Natural Disasters
Humanitarian effects of population movement Refugees Internally Displaced People Health and Nutrition Undernourishment Mortality rates Donor contributions Official Development assistance
Source ECHO Key: Bad - Medium - Good - No data
Secondary effects Probability of secondary effects:
Landslides: The maximum slope in the area of the earthquake is 47.078% and the maximum altitude is 2532 m. Since this is a medium slope, the risk of earthquake induced landslides is medium. Note, however, that the slope data is not reliable on a local scale, while landslides depend very much on local topography, soil and meteorological conditions. Nuclear power plants: There are no nuclear facilities nearby the epicenter. Hydrodams: The following hydrodam installations are near the epicenter: Artibonite (71km) Tsunami: No tsunami risk.
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